Going Up The Country (as made famous by Canned Heat)

“Going Up the Country” (also Goin’ Up the Country) is a song adapted and recorded by American blues rock band Canned Heat. Called a “rural hippie anthem”,[1] it became one of the band’s biggest hits and best-known songs.[2] As with their previous single, “On the Road Again”, the song was adapted from a 1920s blues song and sung in a countertenor-style by Alan Wilson.

Canned Heat, who were early blues enthusiasts, based “Going Up the Country” on “Bull Doze Blues”, recorded in 1928 by Texas bluesman Henry Thomas.[3] Thomas was from the songster tradition and had a unique sound,[4] sometimes accompanying himself on quills, an early Afro-American wind instrument similar to panpipes. He recorded “Bull Doze Blues” in Chicago on June 13, 1928, for Vocalion Records (no. 1230).

For “Going Up the Country”, Canned Heat’s Wilson used Thomas’ melody on the quills and his basic rhythm, but arranged it for a rock setting and rewrote the lyrics. In addition to the bass and drum rhythm section, Henry Vestine supplied a “light electric rhythm guitar”[3] and multi-instrumentalist Jim Horn reproduced Thomas’ quill parts on the flute.[5]

Although linked to the counterculture of the 1960s’ back-to-the-land movement, Wilson’s lyrics are ambiguous:

Now baby pack your leaving trunk, you know we’ve got to leave today
Just exactly where we’re going I cannot say, but we might even leave the U.S.A.
‘Cause there’s a brand new game that I don’t wanna play

“Going Up the Country” was first released on Canned Heat’s third album, Living the Blues, in October 1968. A month later, it was released as a single and reached number 11 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in December, making it the highest charting single of their career.[6] In January 1969, the song peaked at number 19 on the UK Singles Chart.[7] The song appears on several Canned Heat compilation albums, including Canned Heat Cookbook, Let’s Work Together: The Best of Canned Heat (1989) and Uncanned! The Best of Canned Heat (1994).

Canned Heat performed “Going Up the Country” at the Woodstock music festival in August 1969. The song has been described as the “unofficial anthem” of the festival and is featured early.[8] In the film, Woodstock, Canned Heat’s spoken introduction to their performance of the song is heard, but the movie then cuts to the studio recording played over a montage of festival attendees. The 1970 soundtrack album Woodstock: Music from the Original Soundtrack and More features the festival performance of the song, but without the spoken intro.

On The Road Again (as made famous by Canned Heat)

“On the Road Again” is a song recorded by the American blues-rock group Canned Heat in 1967. A driving blues-rock boogie,[2] it was adapted from earlier blues songs and includes mid-1960s psychedelic rock elements. Unlike most of Canned Heat’s songs from the period, second guitarist and harmonica player Alan Wilson provides the distinctive falsetto vocal. “On the Road Again” first appeared on their second album, Boogie with Canned Heat, in January 1968; when an edited version was released as a single in April 1968, “On the Road Again” became Canned Heat’s first record chart hit and one of their best-known songs.

With his record company’s encouragement, Chicago blues musician Floyd Jones recorded a song titled “On the Road Again” in 1953.[3] It was a remake of his successful 1951 song “Dark Road”.[4] Both songs are based on Mississippi Delta bluesman Tommy Johnson’s 1928 song “Big Road Blues”[5] (Canned Heat took their name from Johnson’s 1928 song “Canned Heat Blues”[6]). Johnson’s lyrics include: “Well I ain’t goin’ down that big road by myself … If I don’t carry you gonna carry somebody else”. Jones “reshaped Tommy Johnson’s verses into an eerie evocation of the Delta”.[7] In “Dark Road” he added:

Whoaa well my mother died and left me
Ohh when I was quite young, when I was quite young …
Said Lord have mercy ooo, on my wicked son

And in “On the Road Again” he added

Whoaa I had to travel, whoaa in the rain and snow in the rain and snow
My baby had quit me ooo (2×)
Have no place to go

Both songs share a “hypnotic one-chord drone piece”-arrangement that one-time Floyd Jones musical partner Howlin’ Wolf used for his songs “Crying at Daybreak” and the related “Smokestack Lightning”.[7][8]

“On the Road Again” was among the first songs Canned Heat recorded as demos in April 1967 at the RCA Studios in Chicago[9] with original drummer Frank Cook. At over seven minutes in length, it has the basic elements of the later album version, but is two minutes longer with more harmonica and guitar soloing.[b]

During the recording for their second album, Canned Heat recorded “On the Road Again” with new drummer Adolfo “Fito” de la Parra. The session took place September 6, 1967, at the Liberty Records studio in Los Angeles. Alan Wilson used verses from Floyd Jones’ “On the Road Again” and “Dark Road” and added some lines of his own:

Well I’m so tired of cryin’ but I’m out on the road again, I’m on the road again (2×)
I ain’t got no woman just to call my special friend

For the instrumental accompaniment, Canned Heat uses a “basic E/G/A blues chord pattern”[10] or “one-chord boogie riff” adapted from John Lee Hooker’s 1949 hit “Boogie Chillen'”.[11] Expanding on Jones’ hypnotic drone, Wilson used an Eastern string instrument called a tambura to give the song a psychedelic ambience. Although Bob Hite was the group’s primary vocalist, “On the Road” features Wilson as the singer, “utilizing his best Skip James-inspired falsetto vocal”.[10][c] Wilson also provides the harmonica parts.[d]

The basic riff is used again by Canned Heat on “Fried Hockey Boogie”, an eleven-minute boogie by Larry Taylor which showcases the band’s musicality with a series of virtuoso solo performances by members.

Alan Wilson – vocal, harmonica, electric guitar, tambura
Henry Vestine – electric guitar
Larry Taylor – bass guitar
Adolfo de la Parra – drums

On the singles, Floyd Jones and Alan Wilson are listed as the composers, while the album credits Jim Oden/James Burke Oden (also known as St. Louis Jimmy Oden).[f] “On the Road Again” appears on several Canned Heat compilation albums, including Let’s Work Together: The Best of Canned Heat (1989) and Uncanned! The Best of Canned Heat (1994). Also, it is featured on the soundtrack to Wim Wenders 1974 film Alice in the Cities.